For each course in which a student is enrolled, for which
academic credit is given, the instructor will report to the
Registrar a letter grade evaluating the student's performance. The
table below indicates the grade-point value for each of the letter
||Grade Point Value
Grades in a course are determined by comparing a student's
performance with that of classmates and also with the performance
of students in that course in previous years. The following
definitions are used as a guide.
- "A" is an honor grade. It is awarded as a mark of outstanding
performance and for achievement clearly of a higher order than
average. It indicates that the student has demonstrated not only
the ability to work successfully, but also the ability to do some
creative thinking or problem solving in the field. It will not be
given for routine performance of the assigned work in the
- "B" and "B+" indicate very good performance, definitely above a
satisfactory level, but not as good in analytical thinking and
originality as that required for the grade of "A." Thorough
competence to do excellent work in the field is required for the
grades of "B" and "B+" which will not be given for mere compliance
with the minimum essential standards of the course.
- "C" and "C+" are the grades given for satisfactory performance.
They indicate compliance with the standards set for successful
completion of the course and minimum performance acceptable for
graduation from the Institute.
- "D" and "D+" are penalty grades. They are recorded to show that
the student's performance has been below a satisfactory level,
deficient in quality and/or content, and not of a standard high
enough in this field to meet graduation requirements. They may be
used to indicate that, in the opinion of the instructor, the
student is ill-prepared to proceed with the work either in a
continuation course or in one for which the course in question is a
prerequisite. They are the lowest passing marks. For more
information see Grade Replacement.
- F" is a penalty grade. It indicates failure and entirely
unsatisfactory performance. It carries the requirement that to
obtain credit, the entire course must be repeated. The grade of "F"
stands on the student's record and cannot be removed by subsequent
satisfactory work. For more information see
- "WS" indicates "Withdrawal Satisfactory," and is ignored in
computing GPA. It is assigned automatically when the student
withdraws properly between the beginning of the second week through
the end of the sixth week of a term. If the penalty levied by
an instructor in a case of academic misconduct is failure in the
course, the student forfeits the right to withdraw from the course
with a grade of "WS". For more information see Drop/Add.
- "WF" indicates "Withdrawal Failing" and is averaged into the
student's GPA as an "F." It is assigned automatically when a
student withdraws after the sixth week of a term unless there is
special exigency. If the penalty levied by an instructor in a
case of academic misconduct is failure in the course, the student
forfeits the right to withdraw from the course with a grade of
"WF". For more information see Drop/Add.
- "S" indicates "Satisfactory" performance in a course taken on a
The student receives credit, but this grade does not influence GPA.
- "U" indicates "Unsatisfactory" performance in a course taken on
basis. The student does not receive credit for the course. This
grade does not influence the student's GPA.
- "I" indicates "Incomplete." If a student's work in a course is
generally of passing grade but some of the requirements have not
been met due to circumstances beyond the control of the student, an
Incomplete may be given. An Incomplete shall be recorded as an "F"
if the work is not completed within the time fixed by the
instructor, at the latest by the end of the next term (excluding
summer term). Extension of an Incomplete beyond one term requires
approval of the Admissions and Standing Committee. (Note: Whenever
an "I" is given to a student, the instructor should give the
Registrar a memorandum indicating the requirements for obtaining a
passing grade in the course and an estimate of the grade on the
work completed so far.)
- "N" indicates "No Report" and is used when insufficient
information is available to allow a letter grade to be assigned or
for a course in which credit is to be carried over in a
continuation of the same course, such as graduate thesis credit or
a senior seminar.
- "AU" indicates successful "Audit" in a course the student has
registered for without receiving credit. If the audit has been
'unsuccessful,' (e.g., if the student did not actually attend
class), the instructor may direct that the "AU" not be awarded and
the Audit will be removed from the student's record.
For more information also see Grade
Point Average (GPA) and Grade Reports.
Exceptions & Questions: Consult the Office
of the Registrar.
to Rules & Procedures.