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Refer to a resistor color code chart.
Interpret the color bands as numerical values, starting from left to right.
The third band is the exponent on a x10 multiplier.
So we have 2.2 k = 2.2 K.
Our tolerance band is the fourth band. It s gold in this case, meaning that our tolerance is 5%.
This means that the resistor has a range of values between 2200 + 2200*5% and 2200 2200*5%.
Calculate 2200*5% by multiplying 2200 by 0.05
This is 110 .
So we can have a resistor as high as 2200 + 110 = 2310 = 2.31 K or as low as 2200 110 = 2090 = 2.09 K.
So we have a total possible variation of a bit over 200 .
For the second resistor, our numerals are 15 and our exponent is 0.
So our resistor has a value of 15 .
The tolerance band is silver, so we multiply our resistance by 0.1.
This means that our resistor s value can be as high as 16.5 or as low as 13.5 .
For the third resistor, we ll perform the calculation in an alternative way.
First find the nominal resistance, or 470K in this case.
Take the nominal value and multiply it by 1 + your tolerance, which is (1+0.1).
Then take the nominal value and multiply it by 1 tolerance, or (1-0.1).
The highest possible value is 517 K.
The lowest possible value is 423 K.
The total range of possible resistances is almost 100K.
The fourth resistors nominal value is 680 K.
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The fifth resistor s values are calculated in the same manner.
Our nominal resistance is 3,300,300, or 3.3 M.
Our tolerance is 10, so the highest value is 3.47 M while the lowest is 3.14 M.
Finally, our last resistor s highest and lowest values are 429 and 351 , respectively.
Before ending the problem, note that the percentage difference between the high and low values are the same, given the same tolerance, but the absolute change in ohms can be very different.
For example, the absolute difference between the two in the second resistor was a fraction of an ohm, while the difference in the third resistor was nearly 100 .
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