Professors Bunch, Ditteon, Duree, Granieri, Joenathan, E. Kirkpatrick, S. Kirkpatrick, Kirtley, Leisher, Letfullin, McInerney, Moloney, Siahmakoun, Sirohi, Syed, and Wagner.

Note: In courses which include a laboratory, satisfactory completion of the laboratory work is required in order to pass the course.

PHPP Calculus III, PH111, PH112– Phast Physics 12R-3L-13C Pre: One year of college level calculus (BC Calculus or equivalent), one year of high school physics, at least a 700 Math Score or 680 math/700 critical reading or better on the SAT (31 Math or 30 Math/31 English ACT score), and approval by the Phast Physics Selection Committee.
A 5-week intensive immersion into calculus and physics which covers the equivalent of Calculus III, and Physics I, II. Taught only to incoming freshman who have demonstrated outstanding ability in both calculus and physics. Review of single variable calculus, both differential calculus and integral calculus, as needed. Covers from MA113: vectors and parametric equations in three dimensions, functions of several variables, partial derivatives, maxima and minima of functions of several variables, multiple integrals, and other coordinate systems with applications of vectors, parametric equations, partial derivatives and multiple integrals. Covers from PH111, PH112: kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, gravitation, Coulomb’s law, Lorentz force law, conservation of energy and momentum, torque and angular momentum, oscillations, one-dimensional waves, electric fields and potentials, electric current and resistance, DC circuits, capacitance, with relevant laboratory experiments.

PH 111 Physics I 3.5R-1.5L-4C F, W Coreq: MA 111
Kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, gravitation, Coulomb's law, Lorentz force law, strong and weak nuclear forces, conservation of energy and momentum, relevant laboratory experiments.

PH 112 Physics II 3.5R-1.5L-4C W, S Pre: PH 111 and MA 111; Co: MA 112
Torque and angular momentum, oscillations, one-dimensional waves, electric fields and potentials, electric current and resistance, DC circuits, capacitance, relevant laboratory experiments.

PH 113 Physics III 3.5R-1.5L-4C S, F Pre: PH 112 and MA 112; Coreq: MA 113
Sources of magnetic fields, Faraday's law, inductance electromagnetic waves, reflection and polarization, geometric and physical optics, introduction to relativity, relevant laboratory experiments.

PH 200 Career Preparation 1R-0L-1C W,S
This course is for physics majors to be taken in the second year. The course addresses career choices, summer opportunities, employment and graduate school preparation, and curriculum vitae and resumes preparation. This course is cross-listed with CHEM200, MA200 and SV200.

PH 215 Introduction to CHAOS 2R-0L-2C W
What constitutes chaotic behavior, detection of chaos in real systems using phase space plots, Poincare sections, bifurcation plots, power spectra, Lyupunov exponents, and computer simulation of chaotic systems.

PH 231 Observational Astronomy 1R-3L-2C F Pre: MA 111, and PH 111 or EM 120
Celestial coordinates; basics of celestial mechanics; electromagnetic radiation, atomic structure, spectra, blackbody radiation; telescopes and detectors; quantitative observational work using modern telescopes and detectors.

PH 235 Many-Particle Physics 3.5R-1.5L-4C F Pre: PH 111 or Coreq: EM 202; and Coreq: MA 112
Dynamics of rigid body, harmonic motion; mechanics of fluids; heat, kinetic theory, thermodynamics. Alternate week laboratories.

PH 241 Physics of Stars 4R-0L-4C W Pre: MA 111, and PH 111 or EM 120
Binary stars and stellar parameters; stellar spectra; stellar atmospheres; stellar interiors; star formation; stellar evolution; star death; stellar remnants; black holes and binary stars.

PH 250 Planets and Galaxies 4R-0L-4C S Pre: MA 111, and PH 111 or EM 120
Overview of planets and planetary science; origin and evolution of the solar system; structure and evolution of galaxies; origin and evolution of the universe; introduction to cosmology.

PH 255 Foundations of Modern Physics 3.5R-1.5L-4C W Pre: PH 113 and Coreq: MA 211
Wave-particle nature of matter and radiation, Bohr model, Schrodinger equation, quantum description of the hydrogen atom, atomic and molecular spectra, and introduction to statistical physics.

PH 265 Fundamentals of Nuclear Physics and Radiation 3R-3L-4C S Pre: PH 112, and MA 211
Relativity, black-body radiation, the Bohr model, physics of the nucleus, fission and fusion, reactors, nuclear radiation, radiation damage, medical applications.

PH 270 Special Topics in Physics Credit arranged Pre: Consent of instructor
Lectures on special topics in physics. Maximum of 4 credits per term.

PH 290 Directed Research Credit arranged Pre: Consent of instructor
Research for freshmen and sophomore students under the direction of a physics and optical engineering faculty member. May earn up to a maximum of 2 credits for meeting the graduation requirements. The student must make arrangements with a faculty member for the research project prior to registering for this course.

PH 292 Physical Optics 3.5R-1.5L-4C F Pre: PH 113
The wave equation; electromagnetic waves; phase and group velocities; complex refractive index; dispersion, interference; interferometers and applications, optical interferometry; coherence; polarized light; Jones vectors/matrices; production of polarized light; birefringence, Fraunhoffer diffraction; diffraction gratings.

PH 302 Biophysics 4R-0L-4C W Pre: PH 113 or consent of instructor
Biological examples of the interaction of radiation and matter; medical uses of x-rays, nuclear medicine, magnetic resonance imaging, and current applications in biophysics.

PH 310 Introduction to Special Relativity 2R-0L-2C F Pre: PH 113 or consent of instructor
Experimental background of the special theory of relativity, the structure of the theory and its consequences in measurements involving space, time and motion. Relativistic mechanics, relativity and electromagnetism, and applications in modern physics.

PH 314 Theoretical Mechanics I 4R-0L-4C S, Arranged Pre: PH 111, PH 235, MA 212
Statics and dynamics of particles and systems of particles, including rigid bodies. Conservation of energy, linear and angular momentum. Central forces. Lagrangian and Hamiltonian equations of motion. Vibrations.

PH 315 Theoretical Mechanics II 4R-0L-4C W, Arranged Pre: PH 314
Statics and dynamics of rigid bodies. Lagrangian treatment of rigid body dynamics. Euler method of rigid body dynamics. Small oscillations about positions of equilibrium and about steady motion. Statics and dynamics of deformable bodies. Computational analysis of mechanical systems.

PH 316 Electric and Magnetic Fields 4R-0L-4C F Pre: PH 113, MA211, and MA 212
Maxwell's equations in integral and point form, vector calculus; electric field and potential, electric fields in matter, boundary conditions; the magnetic field.

PH 317 Electromagnetism 4R-0L-4C W Pre: PH 316
Further methods in electrostatics, Poisson's equation; magnetostatics, the vector potential; electromagnetic induction; magnetic properties of matter; further applications of Maxwell's equations, properties of electromagnetic radiation.

PH 322 Celestial Mechanics 4R-0L-4C S Pre: PH 112 or PH 265
Dynamics of point masses; the two-body problem; the restricted three-body problem; orbital position as a function of time; orbits in three dimensions; preliminary orbit determination; orbital maneuvers; interplanetary trajectories.

PH 325 Advanced Physics Laboratory I 2R-6L-4C S Pre: PH 255 or PH 265
Introduction to the methods of experimental physics; topics may include error analysis, component fabrication, transducers, ac circuits, operational amplifiers, electrical signal conditioning, and automated data acquisition.

PH 327 Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics 4R-0L-4C S Pre: PH 235 or consent of instructor
First, second, and third laws of thermodynamics. Ideal gases, real gases, liquids, solids, change of phase. The Joule-Thompson effect, adiabatic demagnetization. Kinetic theory of gases, classical and quantum statistical mechanics.

PH 330 Material Failure 3R-3L-4C W Pre: PH 113
Physical principles of instrumentation used for material failure analysis, including light microscopy, electron microscopy, and spectroscopy. Laboratory includes experiments and case studies using these instruments.

PH 401 Introduction to Quantum Mechanics 4R-0L-4C W Pre: PH 255, or PH 113 and PH 265
Review of wave-particle experiments, atomic model, Bohr theory, deBroglie's hypothesis. Uncertainty principle, Schroedinger equation, quantum mechanical operators and stationary states, quantization and role of angular momentum.

PH 402 Introduction to Atomic Physics 4R-0L-4C S (odd years) Pre: PH 401
Solutions of Schroedinger equation, perturbation theory, applications to one electron system. Quantum numbers, spin and magnetic moments, multi-electron systems including LS coupling. Zeeman effect, transition rates, hyperfine structure, X-rays.

PH 404 Acoustics 4R-0L-4C W (odd years) Pre: PH 113, and MA 212
Harmonic motion, waves on strings, membranes, eigenfunctions and eigenvalues; waves in rods and fluids; behavior of waves at interfaces; radiation from vibrating piston; resonators, absorption.

PH 405 Semiconductor Materials and Applications 3R-3L-4C F Pre: PH 113 or PH 255 or PH 265
Material structure electronic levels and energy bands; semiconductor doping; optical and electronic material characteristics; p-n junction and diode characteristics; bipolar junction transistor; basics of device fabrication. Laboratories on X-ray and Scanning Electron Microscope investigations, device characteristics and a three-week design project on production and testing of thin films. Cross-listed with PH 505.

PH 407 Solid State Physics 4R-0L-4C S (even years) Pre: PH 255 or PH 265
Selected topics in the field are discussed in detail; e.g., crystal structures, lattice vibrations and electronic band structure; electrical, optical and thermal properties of solids and semi-conductors; and the properties of materials at very low temperatures.

PH 425 Advanced Physics Laboratory II 0R-8L-4C W Pre: PH 325
Selected experiments in various areas of physics, with primary emphasis on nuclear physics and a significant independent student project

PH 437/ECE 480 Introduction to Image Processing 3R-3L-4C W Pre: MA 212, and JR/SR or Graduate standing
Basic techniques of image processing. Discrete and continuous two dimensional transforms such as Fourier and Hotelling. image enhancement through filtering and histogram modification. Image restoration through inverse filtering. Image segmentation including edge detection and thresholding. Introduction to image encoding. Integral laboratory.

PH 440 X-rays and Crystalline Materials 2R-6L-4C S (even years) Pre: PH 255 or PH 265
X-ray emission, absorption, fluorescence, and diffraction. Methods of analyzing crystalline solid materials. Applications in solid-state physics, materials science, chemistry, metallurgy, and biology.

PH 460 Directed Study Credit arranged Pre: Consent of instructor
Permits study in an area of physics not available in regular course offerings. Maximum of 4 credits per term.

PH 470 Special Topics in Physics 2-4 Credits Pre: Consent of instructor
Lectures on special topics in physics.

PH 480 Seminar 0C Arranged
Lectures by staff, students, and outside speakers on topics of special interest.

PH 490 Directed Research Credit 1-2 C Pre: Consent of instructor
Research for junior and senior students under the direction of a physics and optical engineering faculty member. May earn a maximum of 8 credits between PH 290 and PH 490
for meeting graduation requirements. Maximum of 2 credits per term. The student must
make arrangements with a physics and optical engineering faculty member for the research
project prior to registering for this course.

PH 497, PH 498, PH 499 Senior Thesis 2-4C F,W,S Pre: Consent of PHOE faculty
Literature search, research proposal preparation, and laboratory project work with a total number of 8 credit hours over the three quarter sequence. This sequence is designed to result in a completed senior thesis.

Graduate Courses

Note: SR/GR standing is required for enrolling in the following 500-level courses.

PH 505 Semiconductor Materials and Devices I 3R-3L-4C F Pre: PH 113 or PH 255 or PH 265
Material structure electronic levels and energy bands; semiconductor doping; optical and electronic material characteristics; p-n junction and diode characteristics; bipolar junction transistor; basics of device fabrication. Laboratories on X-ray and Scanning Electron Microscope investigations, device characteristics and a three-week design project on production and testing of thin films. Students must do additional project work on a topic selected by the instructor. Cross-listed with PH 405.

PH 512 Methods of Mathematical Physics 4R-0L-4C Arranged
Ordinary and partial differential equations, linear vector spaces, matrices, tensors. Strum-Liouville theory and eigenvalue problems, special functions, function of a complex variable, theory of groups, linear integral equations.

PH 514 Quantum Mechanics 4R-0L-4C Arranged
Development of quantum mechanical theory to the present time. Examples from spectroscopy, chemistry, nuclear physics.

PH 530 Advanced Acoustics 4R-0L-4C Arranged Pre: PH 404
Waves in solids, electrodynamics and piezoelectric sound transducers, ultrasonics. Architectural acoustics. Underwater sound.

PH 537/ECE 582 Advanced Image Processing 3R-3L-4C S Pre: CSSE 220 or CSSE221, and ME 323 or ECE 380 or consent of instructor; MA 212
Introduction to color image processing and image recognition. Morphological methods, feature extraction, advanced segmentation, detection, recognition and interpretation. Integral laboratory. Same as ECE 582.

PH 538 Introduction to Neural Networks 3R-3L-4C Arranged Pre: SR/GR standing
Classifiers, linear separability. Supervised and unsupervised learning. Perceptrons. Back-propagation. Feedback networks. Hopfield networks. Associative memories. Fuzzy neural networks. Integral laboratory.

PH 540 Computer Physics 3R 3L 4C Arranged Pre: Consent of instructor 
Exploration of physics by simulation including planetary motion, waves, chaos, cellular automata and fractals; application of numerical methods of differentiation and integration; computer hardware and machine language as it affects laboratory use; curve fitting and smoothing of data.